Single Market-related pending cases: 39(11 new cases, including 5 in the environment sector, and 6 cases closed; last report: 34 pending cases) – new increase (of 5 cases), above the EU average of cases.
EU average = 31 cases
France is now the Member States with the 6th highest number of cases, coming from the 9th position one year ago.
The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 11 such cases, France is above the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. On the other hand, 6 French cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is more than the EU average (5) of such cases.
Problematic sectors: environment (14 cases), including 4 on atmospheric pollution; transport (4 on air transport and 3 on road & rail transport); direct taxation (4) = 64% of all pending cases.
Average case duration:37.5 months for the 37 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 38.6 months) – new slight decrease by 1.1 months and duration of cases just above the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months
France is in a group of 8 Member States whose case duration decreased within a year. One quarter of its cases (9/37) have lasted more than 5 years. One case on air transport has been running for more than 16 years and another on air pollution for 11 years. However, since December 2019, 6 French cases with an average duration of almost 3 years have been resolved and 11 new cases (whose average duration is less than 12 months) have been launched, both groups of cases having a positive impact on the calculation.
Compliance with Court rulings: 38.3 months for the 5 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 25.1 months).
EU average = 31.7 months
France is in a group of 3 Member States whose average compliance increased the most within the last year (+13.2 months). This is mainly because 4 cases with quite short compliance period (8.7 months) are now older than 5 years and are no longer part of the calculation. Out of the 5 remaining cases, 4 concern water protection & management. France is now above both the EU average and the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings.