Single Market-related pending cases:58(7 new cases, including 3 in the environment sector, and 6 cases closed; last report: 57 pending cases) – new slight increase (by 1 case), and number of cases that almost double the EU average.
EU average = 31 cases
Spain is still the Member State with most pending infringement cases. After several years with a lower number of cases, it is back to the situation of May 2014.
The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 7 such cases, Spain is in line with the EU average of new cases launched within a year. In addition, 6 Spanish cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is more than the EU average (5) of such cases.
Problematic sectors: environment (19 cases), including 10 on water protection & management; transport (11), in particular air transport and transport safety (4 cases each); direct taxation (7) = 64% of all pending cases.
Average case duration:46.2 months for the 49 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 39.9 months) – marked increase by 6.3 months and longest average case duration ever for Spain.
EU average = 37.3 months
Spain’s average case duration has steadily increased since December 2015 (+118%). Almost half of the Spanish cases have been ongoing for a long time, with 1 on air transport running for almost 16 years, 1 on atmospheric pollution for around 12 years and 20 other cases running for 3 to 10 years. The other cases have shorter durations.
Compliance with Court rulings:19.1 months for the 6 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 20.5 months).
EU average = 31.7 months
Spain is in a group of 7 Member States whose average compliance decreased within the last year (-1.4 months). This is mainly because 6 cases with an average compliance period of 18.9 months are now more than 5 years old and are no longer part of the calculation, while a new case on waste management with very short compliance period (2.2 months) was closed within the year. Spain's average delay is very close to the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings and much better than the EU average.