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Single Market Scoreboard

EURES

EURES consists of:

Find out more about EURES.

EURES and the Single Market – why does it matter?

EURES helps people benefit from one of the EU’s core principles – free movement for workers. Jobseekers can use it to find work in other European countries and employers can likewise recruit from across the EU.

Key messages

  • The EURES network published almost 20.3 million job vacancies and helped 83 360 people find work.
  • Performance measurement – 29 out of 31 countries have provided complete (or almost complete) data for the indicators required by Decision (EU) 2018/170.
  • The number of people finding work increased considerably compared to 2018. Given the negative economic outlook, due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, this is likely to change.

Overall performance

(all 5 indicators combined)

 
 
Map Legend

Overall performance is calculated on the basis of the points on the five indicators:

Countries can “earn”:

  • = 100 points green
  • = 75 points yellow
  • = 50 points red

The colours on the map represent the sum of these scores:

  • green: 400 or higher
  • yellow: 301 to 399
  • red: 300 or less

Performance indicators

 
[1] Compliance with the EURES Performance Measurement System≥ 74-6≤ 3
[2] IT compliance for the EURES Portal210
[3] Labour market share>5049-21≤ 20
[4] User satisfaction with EURES services≥ 74-6≤ 3
[5] Job placements vs labour mobility> 4 %2-4 %< 2 %

In 2018, in line with the Regulation (EU) 2016/589, Decision (EU) 2018/170 on uniform detailed specifications for data collection and analysis to monitor and evaluate the functioning of the EURES network was adopted. The EURES Performance Measurement System (PMS) was established. The data source of the performance indicators are taken from the PMS, encompassing the contribution from the Member States and also the European Coordination Office.

Indicator [1]: Compliance with the EURES Performance Measurement System

The chart shows how well each country has complied with the requirements of the EURES Performance Measurement System (articles 30 and 32 of the EURES Regulation).

 
 

Source: PMS data collection 2019

All EURES countries are required to report on the overall functioning and performance of EURES.

This reporting is based on 5 core indicators and 6 network indicators set out in Decision (EU) 2018/170. For each indicator, there is mandatory and optional data to be provided.

The scores in the chart above are based on the mandatory data provided for each of the 11 indicators:

  • 1 point – if all the mandatory data was provided for an indicator
  • 0.5 points – for providing some of the mandatory data
  • 0 points – if no mandatory data was provided.

The maximum possible for a country is 11 points.

Thresholds: When a country reaches 7 points (and above), it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value higher or equal to 4 or lower or equal to 6, it earns 75 points. Values equal or lower than 3 make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • In 2019, 29 out of 31 countries provided complete or almost complete data for the indicators.

Indicator [2]: IT compliance for the EURES Portal

This chart shows the extent to which the National Coordination Offices transfer job applications/CVs and job vacancies to the EURES website via the required channel.

 

Source: PMS data collection 2019

The National Coordination Offices are now required to transfer this data through a single coordinated channel (see Article 17(1) to (7) of the EURES Regulation).

The score in this chart is based on whether just vacancies or just CVs are transferred through the single channel, or both vacancies and CVs:

  • 1 point – if a country transfers only vacancies or only CVs
  • 2 points – if it transfers both vacancies and CVs

Thresholds: When a country reaches 2 points, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal to 1, it earns 75 points. Values equal to 0 make a country earn 50 points.

Main findings
  • 10 countries submitted both vacancies and CVs
  • Most countries submitted at least job vacancies

Indicator [3]: Labour market share

The chart shows job vacancies on the EURES website as a proportion of all job vacancies in the participating countries (whether or not they are made available by EURES member organisations). The chart gives an indication of how much of the labour market is covered by EURES and the degree to which EURES provides transparency on the labour market (see Article 9(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) 2016/589).

 

Note: When a country has a value of 0% of labour market share (e.g. Czech Republic), it could be either because Eurostat did not report any job vacancy rate for 2019, or because the country did not report any data for PMS Network indicator No. 4c - number of job vacancies made available through the single coordinated channel to the EURES Portal. When a country reports more than 100% of labour market share, it means that: 1) either the number of job vacancies collected through EURES (numerator) are higher than the ones reported on Eurostat (denominator), or 2) the number of job vacancies available on Eurostat equals 0.
Source: PMS data collection 2019 and Eurostat

Thresholds: When a country reaches 50 % or above, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal or included between 21 % and 49 %, it earns 75 points. Values equals or below 20 % make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • In 20 countries, the EURES website covers over 50% of vacancies on the national labour market: Belgium, Bulgaria, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, and Sweden. This is an increase of 75% compared to 2019.

Indicator [4]: User satisfaction with EURES services

The chart shows how satisfied jobseekers and employers are with the services offered by EURES advisers (information and guidance, recruitment, job search, etc.)

Each participating country is required to collect and share user satisfaction data with the EURES network, including that obtained through surveys.

In 2019, 15 countries carried out a survey (Denmark, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia). On average, the response rate was 39 %.

 

Note: Data only available for Denmark, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia.
Source: PMS data collection 2019

Thresholds: When a country reaches a value equal or higher than 7, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal or included between 4 and 6, it earns 75 points. Values equal and lower than 3 make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • User satisfaction was high, with 14 countries reporting an overall rate of at least 8 out of 10.

Indicator [5]: Job placements vs. labour mobility

For each country, the chart shows the ratio between the number of people who have found a job through EURES either locally or in another EU country and the country’s net intra-EU labour mobility rate (the sum of inflows and outflows of workers moving from/into the country).

 

Note: No values displayed for Croatia and Slovakia because the ratio of EURES job-finders to the net mobility rate reflected values higher than 100% (due to comparatively higher values of job finders). Ratios of 0% are due to missing values of incoming job-finders (e.g., Denmark, Luxembourg, Switzerland), or missing values of labour mobility (e.g., Greece, France, Cyprus, Portugal, Iceland and Liechtenstein).
Sources: European Commission (2020), 2019 Annual Report on intra-EU Labour Mobility, and PMS data collection 2019.

Thresholds: When a country reaches a value higher than 4 %, it earns 100 points in the overall performance chart. When it reaches a value equal to or included between 4 % and 2 %, it earns 75 points. Values equal and lower than 2 % make a country earn 50 points.

Main finding
  • A total of 7 countries (Bulgaria, Czechia, Croatia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Slovakia, and Sweden) went beyond the level of 4 %. This denotes a much more positive ratio of jobs found to net mobility than the other countries.

Priorities

  • Full implementation of the mechanisms introduced in Regulation (EU) 2016/589. All countries need to finalise the admission systems for new member organisations and comply with the IT requirements for the uniform exchange system for job vacancies and applications/CVs.
  • The Commission will actively facilitate cooperation between countries and encourage full compliance in accordance with the deadlines set by the Regulation. This should enable the EURES network to better support to labour mobility in the EU.
  • Transferring the European Coordination Office from the European Commission to the European Labour Authority.
  • The EURES portal will be constantly updated as regards both design and operation, which will bring significant improvements for users.

Facts and figures

EURES portal

Job seekers registered on the EURES portal, by home country

The number of job seekers registered on the EURES portal varies per country. This depends on factors such as whether effective recruitment channels are available in the different countries and whether workers are interested in working in other countries.

 


Source: ECO data 2019

Main findings
  • In 2019, a total of 365 367 jobseekers registered with EURES portal using the self-service function.
  • As in previous years, the highest numbers indicated their country of residence as Italy, Spain and France.

Employers registered on the EURES portal, by home country

 

Source: ECO data 2019

Main findings
  • In 2019, the total number of employers who registered on EURES portal through the self-service function was 26 630.
  • Numbers are rising steadily every year (6 800 in 2016, 10 700 in 2017, 13 231 in 2018, 26 630 in 2019) – indicating that EURES services remain attractive among employers.
  • As in the previous reporting period, most employers registered are from Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain.

Visits to EURES portal, by country

The breakdown per country may depend on the technical configuration of IT networks.

 

Source: ECO data 2019

Main findings
  • The highest numbers of visits were from Spain, France and especially Germany.
  • Overall, the number of visits has considerably decreased (27% point) in comparison with 2018.
  • Visits from France and the Netherlands had increased the most since 2018.
  • Compared with 2018, biggest fall are seen in Luxembourg (63% points) and Austria (72% points).

Number of individual visitors to EURES website each month

 

Source: ECO data 2018 and 2019

Main findings
  • Total unique visitors in 2019 – 5.2 million (-24% compared to 2018).
  • Monthly average – 432 964
  • Busiest months – January (589 186) and February (563 674)

Human network

Number of EURES advisers per country

 

Note: No data available for Semester 1 for Czech Republic and France and for both Semesters for Liechtenstein and Norway.

Source: PMS data collection 2019

Main findings
  • Total full-time equivalent advisers (across all countries):
    • First half of 2019 – 2 371
    • Second half of 2019 – 2749
  • This is an increase over 2018 (approximately 1 231.21 FTE advisers for the year as a whole).

Number of contacts with jobseekers and employers, per EURES adviser

Jobseeker

 

Source: PMS data collection 2019

Main findings
  • In 2018, 2.8 million individual contacts with workers were reported by the National Coordination Offices.
  • 51% of all contacts were with workers from the same (local) country, and 49% with workers from other countries.

Employers

 

Source: PMS data collection 2019

Main findings
  • 177 404 individual contacts with employers were reported by the National Coordination Offices.
  • 78% of all contacts were with employers from the same country, and 22% with employers from other EURES countries.

Number of EURES advisers taking training at European level

Main finding
  • In 2019, 2 001 people were trained (an increase from the 1 772 people trained in 2018).

 

    Participation by type of training

    The chart show the particpation according to the type of training. Training is delivered in 3 different forms:

    • classroom (traditional classroom training as well as workshops and laboratories)
    • virtual (remote) – eLearning, live on-line training sessions and webinars
    • other types
     

    Source: ECO data 2019

    Main finding
    • In 2019, the number of participants in classroom trainings exceeded the number of participants in virtual trainings (in 2018 there were more advisers attending virtual trainings).
    • In 2019 there were no on-the-spot trainings (on-the-job, hands-on, practical), whereas in 2018 these types of trainings reached 218 advisers.

    Achievements

    • Thousands of jobseekers and employers across Europe benefit from the placement and matching services through the EURES network every day.
    • Trained EURES advisers offer support services and guidance on working conditions in other European countries in order to facilitate jobseekers and employers’ choices.
    • EURES activities overseen by the National Coordination Offices (NCOs) include targeted mobility schemes (TMS), with the aim to address specific labour surpluses and shortages.
    • EURES also assists frontier workers and employers under the umbrella of cross-border partnerships and other activities in cross-border regions.
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