Labour mobility and cross-border matching – why does it matter?
The free movement of workers is a cornerstone of the single market, complementing the free movement of goods, capital and services. Intra-EU mobility of workers provides opportunities to both people willing to work abroad and to businesses looking to recruit staff. In 2020, on average 6% of the people of working age were EU movers, i.e., EU citizens moving to a Member State other than their citizenship, although this share varies from 0 to 47% across Member States. The share of EU movers increased on average by 19% between 2017 and 2020.
EURES, an instrument set up by EU legislation, supports specifically the matching of workers across borders by increasing transparency on vacancies available in other Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
The indicators suggest that EURES is a useful instrument facilitating intra-EU labour mobility. For instance, the large majority of countries (26) use the single coordinated channel to transfer both vacancies and CVs. This is in accordance with Article 17 of the EURES Regulation, which contributes to the matching of job vacancies with CVs across the EU, EEA and Switzerland. For 15 EURES countries, more job vacancies are published on the EURES portal than reported by Eurostat. User satisfaction with the EURES services is also high, scoring between 7 and 10 points (out of a maximum of 10) in 19 countries.
The following chart shows the share of people of working age (20-64 years) in each EU country who are nationals of another EU country. This indicator provides, among other information, a snapshot of the extent to which businesses in a Member State rely on EU mobile workers.
To ensure workers are aware of job opportunities available across borders EURES provides:
a Europe-wide jobs and recruitment website
a support network of 1 100 Advisers across Europe
Find out more about EURES.
EURES and the single market – why does it matter?
EURES helps people benefit from one of the EU’s core principles – the free movement of workers. Jobseekers can use it to find work in other European countries and employers can likewise recruit from across the EU.
| Compliance with the EURES Performance Measurement System||≥7||>3 – <7||≤3|
| IT compliance for the EURES Portal||2||1||0|
| Labour market share||≥50||49 – 21||≤20|
| User satisfaction with EURES services||≥7||4 – 6||≤3|
| Job placements vs labour mobility||>4%||2 – 4%||<2%|
In 2018, the Performance Measurement System (PMS) was adopted in line with Regulation (EU) 2016/589 and Decision (EU) 2018/170 on uniform detailed specifications for data collection and analysis to monitor and evaluate the functioning of the EURES network. The performance indicators are taken from the PMS, encompassing the contribution from the EURES countries and the European Coordination Office.