Transposition deficit: 0.3% (last report: 0.3%) – stable result and one of the 5 Member States with the lowest deficit (2nd best result) and achieving the 0.5% proposed target.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
Since its best ever result of December 2017 (0.2%), France managed to stay under the 1% threshold. In addition, it transposed 14 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (82%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that France monitors the timely transposition of the directives quite well, although it has some difficulties in transposing directives correctly (see below).
Overdue directives: 3 (last report: 3) and none are more than 2 years overdue.
Average delay: 4 months (last report: 16.7 months) – huge decrease by 12.7 months and the 3rd highest decrease within a year.
EU average = 7.4 months
After a spike in delay duration last year, France is back among the top 5 Member States with the shortest delays in transposing directives. It managed to transpose 1 long overdue directive (due for 2 years or more) and its 3 outstanding directives have been due for less than 6 months.
Conformity deficit: 1.7% (last report: 1.4%) – increase by 0.3 percentage point and France’s highest deficit ever.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 17 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, France is above the EU average deficit.
Single Market-related pending cases: 39 (11 new cases, including 5 in the environment sector, and 6 cases closed; last report: 34 pending cases) – new increase (of 5 cases), above the EU average of cases.
EU average = 31 cases
France is now the Member States with the 6th highest number of cases, coming from the 9th position one year ago.
The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 11 such cases, France is above the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. On the other hand, 6 French cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is more than the EU average (5) of such cases.
Problematic sectors: environment (14 cases), including 4 on atmospheric pollution; transport (4 on air transport and 3 on road & rail transport); direct taxation (4) = 64% of all pending cases.
Average case duration: 37.5 months for the 37 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 38.6 months) – new slight decrease by 1.1 months and duration of cases just above the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months
France is in a group of 8 Member States whose case duration decreased within a year. One quarter of its cases (9/37) have lasted more than 5 years. One case on air transport has been running for more than 16 years and another on air pollution for 11 years. However, since December 2019, 6 French cases with an average duration of almost 3 years have been resolved and 11 new cases (whose average duration is less than 12 months) have been launched, both groups of cases having a positive impact on the calculation.
Compliance with Court rulings: 38.3 months for the 5 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 25.1 months).
EU average = 31.7 months
France is in a group of 3 Member States whose average compliance increased the most within the last year (+13.2 months). This is mainly because 4 cases with quite short compliance period (8.7 months) are now older than 5 years and are no longer part of the calculation. Out of the 5 remaining cases, 4 concern water protection & management. France is now above both the EU average and the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings.
Evolution of infringement cases
Internal Market Information System (France)
Performance – France’s performance remained poor.
- All 5 indicators are well below the EEA average.
- 4 indicators improved, a significant improvement being noted for the answering speed.
- Important efforts are required to improve performance for all 5 indicators.
National provider: Pôle Emploi (French Public Employment Service)
Compliance: Partially compliant
Performance: Could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.
Your Europe (France)
The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.
The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.
The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.
2020 – year of transition
In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.
Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.
- Caseload – very large
Submitted cases – 157 (145 in 2019)
Received cases – 435 (413 in 2019)
Cases not accepted – 200 (174 in 2019)
- Resolution rate – 82% (89% in 2019)
- Handling time (home centre)
Reply in 7 days: 49% (35% in 2019) – very poor
Cases prepared in 30 days: 82% (87% in 2019) – good
Solutions accepted within 7 days: 46% (65% in 2019 ) – very poor
Cases not accepted within 30 days: 62% (36% in 2019) – poor
- Handling time (lead centre)
Cases accepted within 7 days: 28% (24% in 2019) – very poor
Cases closed in 10 weeks: 41% (44% in 2019) – very poor
urgent requiring action
Technical Regulations Information System (France)
Public procurement (France)
Overall, France’s performance in 2020 was satisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.
Postal services (France)
For easier analysis EU countries are divided into three groups:
- western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden.
- southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
- eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.
Transit time performance D+1: 83.9% for 2019.
Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.
Trade in goods and services (France)
In France, trade integration in the single market for goods and services is below the EU average. In 2019, indicator for trade in goods decreased and in services increased.
|Intra-EU trade integration||% GDP 2019||12.9||6.2|
|Change 2018 – 2019||-4.0||0.7|
|Intra-EU imports||% GDP 2019||13.7||6.4|
|Change 2018 – 2019||-2.0||1.1|
Foreign Direct Investment (France)
In 2019, FDI of France into other EU countries and other EU countries' FDI into France decreased. The stock of both inward and outward FDI increased.
|Intra-EU FDI flows||Intra-EU FDI stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 – 19||-0.51||-0.79||0.06||0.03|
In 2019 there was substantial increase in non-EU countries' FDI into France, while France's FDI outside the EU decreased. The stock value of both inward and outward FDI increased.
|Extra-EU FDI flows||Extra-EU FDI stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 – 19||6.76||-0.13||0.13||0.06|