This indicator measures the share of businesses that made electronic sales to other EU countries or the rest of the world. It refers to all manufacturing and services sectors, excluding the financial sector and agriculture.
The indicator covers businesses with at least 10 employees or self-employed people, therefore excluding micro-enterprises. It distinguishes between small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and large businesses. It also distinguishes between sales made to other EU countries (intra-EU) and sales made to the rest of the world (extra-EU).
Higher values suggest a higher degree of internationalisation supported by digital tools.
Sales taken into account are those made during the previous calendar year, via any computer network. This includes websites, electronic data interchange systems and other means of electronic data transfer. It excludes manually typed emails.
The indicator shows that the share of businesses trading online across borders remained broadly stable in 2021 and 2020, respectively. However, SMEs still lag behind large businesses, particularly in e-commerce.