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Single Market Scoreboard

Greece

Transposition (Greece)

Transposition deficit: 1% (last report: 0.8%) – new slight increase, by 0.2 percentage point, but still in line with the 1% target. 
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

Greece’s performance on this criterion is generally good but sometimes close to go off the rails. In addition, Greece only transposed 9 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (53%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that it may have some difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of the directives, although with a moderate delay (see below). Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.

Overdue directives: 10 (last report: 8) including 4 on environment and none more than 2 years overdue.

Average delay: 4.7 months (last report: 11.1 months) – marked decrease by 6.4 months and the delay is now below the EU average.
EU average = 7.4 months

After a spike in delay duration last year, Greece is now back in the group of Member States with low delay in transposing directives. Most of its outstanding directives (8/10) have been due for less than 6 months.

Conformity deficit: 1.1% (last report: 1%) – slight increase by 0.1 percentage point.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. Despite its good score of December 2017 (0.2%), Greece has now 11 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed. It remains however under the EU average deficit.

Evolution of transposition deficit

 

Evolution of conformity deficit

 

Infringements (Greece)

Single Market-related pending cases: 49 (9 new cases, including 4 in the environment sector and 4 on transport, and 4 cases closed; last report: 44 pending cases) – new increase by 5 cases (+48% since December 2018).
EU average = 31 cases

Greece is in the top 3 Member States with the highest number of infringement cases.

The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 9 such cases, Greece is above the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. In addition, 4 Greek cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is less than the EU average (5) of such cases.

Problematic sectors: environment (21 cases), in particular waste management (7) and atmospheric pollution (5); transport (8 cases), including 4 on air transport = 59% of all pending cases.

Average case duration: 35.2 months for the 34 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 32.7 months) – increase by 2.5 months but duration of cases still below the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months

After an impressive decrease by 39% between December 2016 and December 2019, the average duration of Greek cases rose again (although to a moderate extent). Greece has 6 very old pending cases that push up its average (1 case on air transport is 16 years old and the others have been ongoing for between 6 and 11 years) but this is partly offset by 9 new cases (whose average duration is less of than 12 months).

Compliance with Court rulings: 30.6 months for the 9 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 29 months).
EU average = 31.7 months

Greece is in a group of 9 Member States whose average compliance increased within the last year, although to a moderate extent (+1.6 month). One case with a moderate compliance period (14.5 months) is now more than 5 years old and is no longer part of the calculation. Five out of the 9 remaining Greek cases needed less than 2 years for compliance; the other 4 cases have longer time lag, in particular one on health & consumers that needed almost 10 years for compliance and have a big impact on the average time lag. Among the 9 rulings in the last 5 years, 4 concern taxation.

Evolution of infringement cases

 

Internal Market Information System (Greece)

Performance – Greece performed poorly.

  • Greece’s performance decreased for all 5 indicators, particularly for the answering speed.
  • All 5 indicators were well below the EEA average.
  • Efforts are required to improve performance for all 5 indicators.
Requests accepted within one week (%)
 
Requests answered by the deadline agreed in IMI (%)
 
Satisfaction with timeliness of replies - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Satisfaction with efforts made - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Speed in answering requests (days)
 

EURES (Greece)

National provider: ΟΑΕΔ (Public Employment Service Greece)

Compliance: Fully compliant

Performance: The submission of both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal is ensured.

Your Europe (Greece)

The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.

The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.

The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.

2020 – year of transition

In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.

Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.

SOLVIT (Greece)

  • Caseloadmedium
    Submitted cases – 18 (24 in 2019)
    Received cases – 230 (115 in 2019)
  • Cases not accepted – 74 (53 in 2019)

  • Resolution rate –  15% (90% in 2019)
  • Handling time (home centre)
    Reply in 7 days:  56% (64% in 2019) – poor
    Cases prepared in 30 days: 88% (83% in 2019) – good
    Solutions accepted within 7 days: 45% (35% in 2019 ) – very poor
  • Cases not accepted within 30 days:  80% (70% in 2019) - good

  • Handling time (lead centre)
    Cases accepted within 7 days:  63% (73% in 2019) poor
    Cases closed in 10 weeks:  3% (18% in 2019) – very poor
  • Staffing
    urgent requiring action

Technical Regulations Information System (Greece)

Public procurement (Greece)

Overall, Greece’s performance in 2020 was unsatisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

Postal services (Greece)

For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:

  • western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden.
  • southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  • eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

Transit time performance D+1: quality of service was 76.3% in 2019.

Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.

Trade in goods and services (Greece)

Greece trade integration in the single market for goods is below the EU averages, while trade integration for services is almost at the EU average. In 2019, both indicators increased.

    Goods Services
Intra-EU trade integration % GDP 2019 12.4 7.4
  Change 2018 – 2019 0.8 4.2
Intra-EU imports % GDP 2019 14.9 4.5
  Change 2018 – 2019 -0.9 1.6

Foreign Direct Investment (Greece)

In 2018, Greece's FDI to other EU countries increased substantially. The FDI from other EU countries to Greece increase slightly as well. The value of FDI stock both inward and outward increased.

  Intra-EU FDI flows Intra-EU FDI stocks
  inward outward inward outward
Year-on-year change 2017 – 18 0.04 241.38 0.10 0.06

Greece's FDI into non-EU countries decreased while non-EU FDI into Greece increased in 2018.The stock of Greece's FDI in non-EU countries declined, while stock of foreign FDI in Greece increased.

  Extra-EU FDI flows Extra-EU FDI stocks
  inward outward inward outward
Year-on-year change 2017 – 18 0.17 -0.87 0.08 -0.03

Data for 2019 were not available for Greece at the time of preparation of this scoreboard update.

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