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Single Market Scoreboard

Hungary

Transposition (Hungary)

Transposition deficit: 1% (last report: 0.5%) – marked increase by 0.5 percentage point, but still in line with the 1% target.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

Hungary has doubled its previous deficit and is now close to go off the rails. In addition, Hungary transposed 11 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (65%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that Hungary could monitor the timely transposition of directives even better. Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.

Overdue directives: 10 (last report: 5) including 5 on environment. One directive is more than 2 years overdue: Directive 2013/59/EUR on basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.

Average delay: 9.4 months (last report: 21.7 months) – sharp decrease by 12.4 months (4th highest decrease within a year).   
EU average = 7.4 months

On the one hand, Hungary managed to transpose 1 of its 2 long overdue directives (due for 2 years or more); on the other hand, it doubled its number of outstanding directives, of which most (6/10) have been due for less than 6 months.

Conformity deficit: 1.6% (last report: 1.5%) – slight increase by 0.1 percentage point and Hungary’s highest deficit ever.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 16 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, Hungary is above the EU average deficit.

Evolution of transposition deficit

 

Evolution of conformity deficit

 

Infringements (Hungary)

Single Market-related pending cases: 32 (3 new cases and 7 cases closed; last report: 36 pending cases) – decrease by 4 cases and in a group of 5 Member States that reduced their number of cases within a year.
EU average = 31 cases

Hungary managed to curb the increasing trend of its infringement cases and is now in line with the EU average.

The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 3 such cases, Hungary is well below the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. In addition, 7 Hungarian cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is better than the EU average (5) of such cases.

Problematic sectors: environment (10 cases), including 4 on atmospheric pollution; transport (5), in particular air transport (3) = 47% of all pending cases.

Average case duration: 45.3 months for the 25 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 32.2 months) huge increase by 13.1 months (the highest increase in case duration among the Member States) and the highest average duration ever for Hungary.
EU average = 37.3 months

Hungary’s average duration of cases has steadily increased since November 2014 (+94%). Out of the 25 Hungarian cases, 6 cases have been running for more than 5 years (with 2 cases on air transport that are almost 10 and 16 years old). The launch of 3 new cases (less than 1 year) and the resolution of 5 cases with a moderate average duration of 14 months have only little impact on the calculation.

Compliance with Court rulings: 23.4 months for the 3 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 24.5 months).
EU average = 31.7 months

Hungary is in a group of 7 Member States whose average compliance decreased within the last year (-1.1 months). This slight decrease is a result of 1 case that needed more than 2 years for compliance now being more than 5 years old and no longer being part of the calculation. The 3 remaining cases all needed a moderate time lag for compliance (between 1 and 2.5 years). Hungary is above the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings but still well below the EU average.

Evolution of infringement cases

 

Internal Market Information System (Hungary)

Performance – Hungary continued to perform very well.

  • Hungary’s performance remained stable or improved for all indicators.
  • All indicators were above the EEA average except for requests replied to within deadline, which was slightly below.
  • The percentage of requests accepted within 1 week increased significantly.
Requests accepted within one week (%)
 
Requests answered by the deadline agreed in IMI (%)
 
Satisfaction with timeliness of replies - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Satisfaction with efforts made - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Speed in answering requests (days)
 

EURES (Hungary)

National provider: NFSZ (National Employment Service)

Compliance: Partially compliant

Performance: Could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.

Your Europe (Hungary)

The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.

The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.

The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.

2020 – year of transition

In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.

Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.

SOLVIT (Hungary)

  • Caseloadlarge
    Submitted cases – 258 (193 in 2019)
    Received cases – 34 (20 in 2019)
  • Cases not accepted – 133 (121 in 2019)

  • Resolution rate – 91% (95% in 2019)
  • Handling time (home centre)
    Reply in 7 days: 96% (99% in 2019) – good
    Cases prepared in 30 days: 97% (98% in 2019) – good
    Solutions accepted within 7 days: 95% (99% in 2019 ) – good
  • Cases not accepted within 30 days: 71% (79% in 2019) - poor

  • Handling time (lead centre)
    Cases accepted within 7 days:  94% (100% in 2019) good
    Cases closed in 10 weeks:  79% (80% in 2019) – good
  • Staffing
    sufficient

Technical Regulations Information System (Hungary)

Public procurement (Hungary)

Overall, Hungary’s performance in 2020 was average. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

Postal services (Hungary)

For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:

  • western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden.
  • southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  • eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

Transit time performance D+1: good stable D+1 performance in the period under review. In 2018, 88.8% of letters were delivered the next day.

Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.

Trade in goods and services (Hungary)

Hungary has one of the highest trade integration in the single market for goods. Integration for services is also above the EU average. In 2019, goods integration indicator decreased and indicator for services increased.

    Goods Services
Intra-EU trade integration % GDP 2019 50.1 12.0
  Change 2018 – 2019 -3.0 4.3
Intra-EU imports % GDP 2019 48.9 10.7
  Change 2018 – 2019 -3.5 8.7

Foreign Direct Investment (Hungary)

In 2019, Hungary was disinvesting from the rest of the EU and the rest of the EU was disinvesting from Hungary albeit less than in 2018.The FDI stock value of both inward and outward FDI decreased.

  Intra-EU FDI flows Intra-EU FDI stocks
  inward outward inward outward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 19 0.97 -1.63 -0.03 -0.07

On the other hand, Hungary's FDI into non-EU countries increased following disinvestments last year, and investments of non-EU countries continued to raise. The FDI stock increased as well.

  Extra-EU FDI flows Extra-EU FDI stocks
  inward outward inward outward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 19 0.21 1.20 0.16 0.23
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