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Market surveillance (non-food products)

Reporting period:

01/2022 – 12/2022

Market surveillance ensures that products on the EU market do not endanger European consumers and workers. It also ensures the protection of other public interests such as the environment, security and fairness in trade.

It includes actions such as product withdrawals, recalls and the application of sanctions to stop the circulation of non-compliant products and/or bring them into compliance.

The major objective of the Commission is to ensure that EU market surveillance legislation provides:

  • clear and uniform rules applying to non-food products and economic operators
  • requirements (infrastructure, organisation, legal powers, etc.) to ensure that market surveillance can cope with enforcing EU legislation
  • streamlined market surveillance procedures for controlling products within the EU and at its borders (import controls)
  • tools to coordinate activities carried out by national surveillance bodies across the EU (e.g. discussion forums, IT databases, and common market surveillance campaigns).

Market surveillance and the single market – why does it matter?

Market surveillance is crucial for the smooth functioning of the single market. It helps to protect:

  • consumers and workers against unsafe products 
  • businesses from unfair competition.

Cooperation among national authorities across the single market is key for detecting the products that do not comply with the applicable legislation and for responding appropriately. For this purpose, national authorities are able to exchange information on non-compliant and/or dangerous products (e.g. test results, information on accidents, measures taken) and coordinate their actions more efficiently using a comprehensive cooperation platform (ICSMS – Information and Communication System for Market Surveillance) provided by the European Commission.

Overall, the indicators on market surveillance suggest that the number of investigations recorded in the ICSMS is increasing in most Member States, thus improving controls in the single market and creating a stronger basis for cooperation across Member States. It stands out the the motor vehicle sector with a 2087% growth since 2019. Other sectors such as personal protective equipment (PPE) and ROHS also present a significant growth (although of less intensity) with values of 280% and 226%, respectively.

Investigations per Member State

This chart shows the number of investigations per Member State in 2022 (left axis) and the percentage change since 2019 (right axis).

The diagrams are based on the data input provided by the national authorities in the ICSMS.

Source: ICSMS (Information and Communication System for Market Surveillance)

Cases of non-compliance per Member State

This chart shows the number of cases of non-compliance found per Member State in 2022 (left axis) and the percentage change since 2019 (right axis).

The significant number of detected cases of non-compliance (as a percentage of the total number of checks) shows that national authorities’ use of the ICSMS and closer cooperation has meant that they are able to better target their controls towards cases where the risk of non-compliance is higher. 

Source: ICSMS

Sectors with the highest number of investigations and cases of non-compliance

The left axis of the chart shows the sectors with the highest number of inspections and cases of non-compliance in 2022. The right axis shows the growth rates in the number of inspections since 2019.

Source: ICSMS

GPSD – General Product Security Directive

PPE - Personal Protective Equipment

LVD – Low Voltage Directive

EMC – Electromagnetic Compatibility

RoHS - Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment

More information on market surveillance

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