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Single Market Scoreboard

Country data: Germany

Transposition (Germany)

Trend since last reporting period: positive; negative; = neutral
Ranking out of 27: 1 to 9; 10 to 18; 19 to 21

Transposition deficit (percentage of all directives not transposed)1.0%0.7%21=
Overdue directives107
Long-overdue directives (> 2 years)2211
  • Directive 2018/844/EU – Amendment of Directives 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings and 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency
  • Directive (EU) 2018/2001 – Promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources
Average delay in transposing directives (in months)19.918.320
Conformity deficit (percentage of all directives transposed incorrectly)1.8%1.2%26
Duration of infringement proceedings for late transposition (in months)21.517.925NA

Infringements (Germany)

Trend since last reporting period: positive; negative; = neutral
Ranking out of 27: 1 to 9; 10 to 18; 19 to 27
Ranking out of 21 (compliance with Court rulings): 1 to 7; 8 to 14; 15 to 21

Number of pending infringement proceedings392623
Problematic sectors
  • Direct taxation (5 cases)
  • Road and rail transport (5 cases)
  • Services and professions – compliance issues (4 cases)
Average duration of infringement proceedings (in months)51.749.016
Average time taken to comply with Court rulings (in months)54.154.312↓↓

Internal Market Information System (Germany)


Requests accepted within one week (%)
Requests answered by the deadline agreed in IMI (%)
Satisfaction with timeliness of replies - as rated by counterparts (%)
Satisfaction with efforts made - as rated by counterparts (%)
Speed in answering requests (days)

Technical regulations information system (Germany)


SOLVIT (Germany)

Submitted cases: 160 (169 in 2022)
Received cases: 208 (212 in 2022)
Cases not accepted: 287 (290 in 2022)

New 90% benchmark for MS to solve problems through their national SOLVIT centre: 95.2%
0 cases were kept open for longer than 365 days

This is a good result. However all the other indicators signal a not so favourable picture, caused by the severe understaffing of the German SOLVIT centre.

Handling time (as home centre)
Reply in 7 days: 42% (41% in 2022) 
Cases prepared in 30 days: 87% (78% in 2022) 
Solutions accepted within 7 days: 77% (73% in 2022) 
Cases not accepted within 30 days: 46% (36% in 2022)
Handling time (as lead centre)
Cases accepted within 7 days: 62% (25% in 2022) 
Cases closed within 10 weeks: 65% (69% in 2022)

Staffing level
Urgent action needed

Payment delays (Germany)

In 2022, the average payment delay (the time exceeding the legal or contractually agreed payment terms) by German public authorities was 15 days.

The average number of days needed for a business to have its invoices paid by other businesses (business-to-business payments) was 56 days.

Responsive administration and burden of regulation (Germany)

Indicator 2022 EU average
Burden of government regulation (survey replies: 1 = worst, 7 = best) 4.0  3.8 
Digital public services to start and run a business (100% = best performing) 80.7% 83.7% 
Payment delays by public authorities 15 days 17.5 days
Time to resolve insolvency (2020) 1.2 years 2.0 years
Impact of regulation on long-term investment decisions (survey replies) 26.1% n/a  

Access to public procurement (Germany)

Indicator2022EU average
Single bidder25%37%
No calls for bids6%7%
Publication rate (value advertised on Tenders Electronic Daily, in % of GDP)2.1%5.84%
Cooperative procurement (proportion of procedures with more than one buyer)13%7%
Award criteria (proportion of procedures awarded to cheapest bid)66%56%
Decision speed (days)51  87  
SME contractors61%56%
SME bids71%66%
Procedures divided into lots18%30%
Missing calls for bids1%1%
Missing seller registration numbers99%46%
Missing buyer registration numbers97%39%

Note: A typical (mid-ranking) EU country is used for the EU average for all indicators except the publication rate. 

Access to services and services markets (Germany)

Indicator 2021 EU average
Restrictiveness indicator – architect 2.7   2.5  
Restrictiveness indicator – accountant 3.4   1.7  
Restrictiveness indicator – civil engineer 2.7   2.4  
Restrictiveness indicator – lawyer 3.4   3.4  
Restrictiveness indicator – real estate agent 0.0   1.3  
Restrictiveness indicator – patent agent 3.7   2.2  
Restrictiveness indicator – tourist guide 0.0   1.2  
Domestic priority letter prices, letter 20 g  € 0.80 € 0.99
Intra-EU priority letter prices, letter 20 g  € 1.10 € 1.61
Domestic transit times, day+1 performance, priority letters 20 g  82.7% 84.2%

Note: The EU restrictiveness indicator (EURI) measures the level of restrictiveness for the cross-border provision of services and the right of establishment for seven groups of professional services with a high share in EU firms’ intermediate consumption or cross-border mobility. The level of restrictiveness is measured on a scale from 0 (least restrictive) to 6 (most restrictive). 

Access to finance (Germany)

Indicator 2022 EU average
Access to public financial support (% of SMEs indicating deterioration) 18.9%  20.2% 
Time to get paid by businesses (2022 survey) 56 days 56 days
Venture capital investments (% of GDP) 0.09% 0.08%
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