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Single Market Scoreboard

Germany

Transposition (Germany)

Transposition deficit: 0.6% (last report: 0.6%) – stable result and one of the 7 Member States that managed not to increase their deficit within the year.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

Germany stayed under the 1% threshold, very close to the 0.5% proposed target. In addition, it transposed 14 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (82%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that Germany monitors the timely transposition of directives quite well, although it has some difficulties in transposing directives correctly (see below).

Overdue directives: 6 (last report: 6) and none are more than 2 years overdue.

Average delay: 5.6 months (last report: 13.8 months) – marked decrease by 8.2 months and the delay is now below the EU average.
EU average = 7.4 months

Germany managed to transpose 1 long overdue directive (2 years or more). Half of its 6 outstanding directives have been due for less than 6 months.

Conformity deficit: 1.8% (last report: 1.6%) – increase by 0.2 percentage point and Germany’s highest deficit ever.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 18 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, Germany is in a group of 5 Member States with the highest conformity deficit.

Evolution of transposition deficit

 

Evolution of conformity deficit

 

Infringements (Germany)

Single Market-related pending cases: 48 (6 new cases, including 3 in the environment sector, and 5 cases closed, including 3 on transport; last report: 47 pending cases) – new slight increase (by 1 case).
EU average = 31 cases

Germany is the Member State with the 4th highest number of pending cases (coming from the 3rd highest number in December 2019).

The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 6 such cases, Germany is under the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. It equals the EU average number of cases that have been resolved since December 2019 (5).

Problematic sectors: environment (9 cases), including 4 on atmospheric pollution; transport (8), including 4 on road and rail transport; taxation, direct taxation (3) and indirect taxation (7) = 56% of all pending cases.

Average case duration: 49.4 months for the 38 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 42.6 months) – new increase by 6.8 months and 2nd longest average duration among the Member States, well above the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months

The reason for the long average duration of German cases is that several cases have been running for a long time (13 cases for between 5 and 12 years; 6 cases for between 3 and 5 years) and have a big impact on the average duration. On the other hand, the 6 German cases (whose average duration is less than 12 months) that have been launched within last year have little impact on the final result.

Compliance with Court rulings: 30.1 months for the 10 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 29.7 months).
EU average = 31.7 months

Germany is in a group of 9 Member States whose average compliance increased within the last year, although to a moderate extent (+0.4 month). This slight increase is because one case on direct taxation that needed almost 3 years for compliance was solved within the year and is now part of the calculation. Germany is above the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings but now below the EU average time lag.

Evolution of infringement cases

 

Internal Market Information System (Germany)

Performance – Germany performed moderately well.

  • Germany’s performance remained relatively stable compared to last year.
  • All 5 indicators showed performance, generally, slightly below the EEA average.
  • Germany responded to almost 1100 IMI requests within an average of 16 days.
Requests accepted within one week (%)
 
Requests answered by the deadline agreed in IMI (%)
 
Satisfaction with timeliness of replies - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Satisfaction with efforts made - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Speed in answering requests (days)
 

EURES (Germany)

National provider: Bundesagentur für Arbeit (German Public Employment Service)

Compliance: Partially compliant

Performance: Could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.

Your Europe (Germany)

The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.

The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.

The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.

2020 – year of transition

In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.

Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.

SOLVIT (Germany)

  • Caseloadvery large
    Submitted cases – 131 (156 in 2019)
    Received cases – 214 (269 in 2019)
  • Cases not accepted – 350 (280 in 2019)

  • Resolution rate – 89% (88% in 2019)
  • Handling time (home centre)
    Reply in 7 days: 25% (24% in 2019) – very poor
    Cases prepared in 30 days: 78% (83% in 2019) – good
    Solutions accepted within 7 days: 63% (65% in 2019 ) – poor
  • Cases not accepted within 30 days: 17% (25% in 2019) – very poor

  • Handling time (lead centre)
    Cases accepted within 7 days:  18% (16% in 2019) very poor
    Cases closed in 10 weeks: 63% (61% in 2019) – poor
  • Staffing
    urgent requiring action

Technical Regulations Information System (Germany)

Public procurement (Germany)

Overall, Germany’s performance in 2020 was average. For further information and the methodology applied,please see the section on Public procurement performance.

Postal services (Germany)

For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:

  • western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden.
  • southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  • eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

Transit time performance D+1: 87.6% in 2019

Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.

Trade in goods and services (Germany)

Germany’s trade integration in the single market for goods is just above the EU average, whereas its level of trade integration for services is below the EU average. In 2019, trade integration for goods decreased and for services increased.

    Goods Services
Intra-EU trade integration % GDP 2019 20.3 5.2
  Change 2018 – 2019

-1.2

2.9
Intra-EU imports % GDP 2019 18.2 5.7
  Change 2018 – 2019 -0.8 3.1

Foreign Direct Investment (Germany)

In 2019, Germany's FDI into the other EU countries increased, while FDI into Germany from these countries decreased. The FDI stock value of both inward and outward investments increased.

  Intra-EU FDI flows Intra-EU FDI stocks
  inward outward inward outward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 19 -0.31 0.72 0.10 0.10

Both FDI of Germany into non-EU countries and FDI of non-EU countries into Germany increased in 2019. The value of FDI stock increased as well.

  Share of extra-EU FDI flows Share of extra-EU FDI stocks
  inward outward inward outward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 19 1.01 0.49 0.15 0.06
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