Transposition deficit: 1.8% (last report: 0.8%) – huge increase by 1 percentage point, and in a group of 6 Members States that more than doubled their deficit within the year and consequently missed the 1% target.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
After years of constant effort to drop below the 1% threshold and stay there, Poland is back above this threshold with the second highest deficit. In addition, it only transposed 9 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (53%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that Poland may have some difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of directives. Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.
Overdue directives: 18 (last report: 8) including 5 on environment. One directive is more than 2 years overdue: Directive 2013/59/EUR on basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.
Average delay: 8.3 months (last report: 13.9 months) – decrease by 5.6 months.
EU average = 7.4 months
Poland managed to transpose 1 of its 2 long overdue directives (due for 2 years or more). Almost half of its outstanding directives (8/18) have been due for less than 6 months.
Conformity deficit: 1.6% (last report: 1.8%) – decrease by 0.2 percentage point but still among the Member States with the highest deficit.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 16 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, Poland is in a group of 8 Member States that show a combination of a high transposition deficit and a high percentage of incorrectly transposed directives.
Single Market-related pending cases: 39 (4 new cases and 5 cases closed; last report: 40 pending cases) – slight decrease by 1 case and in a group of 5 Member States that reduced their number of cases within a year.
EU average = 31 cases
Poland is no longer in the top 5 Member State with the highest number of cases (it is now in 7th position) but it is still above the EU average of pending cases.
The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 4 such cases, Poland is below the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. It equals the EU average number of cases that have been resolved since December 2019 (5).
Problematic sectors: environment (11 cases), including 4 on atmospheric pollution; transport and energy (6 cases each); indirect taxation (4) = 69% of all pending cases.
Average case duration: 45.4 months for the 36 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 35.9 months) – marked increase by 9.6 months (the second-highest increase among the Member States).
EU average = 37.3 months
Three Polish cases in the sectors of air transport and indirect taxation have been ongoing for more than 10 years; 5 other cases have been running for between 5 and 10 years. These cases are weighing heavily in the calculation of the average duration. The launch of 4 new cases (less than 1 year old) and the resolution of 2 cases with a moderate duration of 1 year have little impact on the final result.
Compliance with Court rulings: 25.6 months for the 13 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 25.9 months).
EU average = 31.7 months
The situation in Poland is stable (-0.3 month). Two cases with moderate compliance duration (2 years) now being more than 5 years old are no longer being part of the calculation, while 2 new cases with similar compliance duration were solved during the year. Poland is above the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings but below the EU average.
Evolution of infringement cases
Internal Market Information System (Poland)
Performance – Poland performed well.
- Poland’s performance improved for all 5 indicators.
- Only 2 indicators remained below the EEA average, compared to 4 last year.
- The counterpart’s satisfaction indicators increased significantly.
National provider: PSZ (Polish Public Employment Service)
Compliance: Fully compliant
Performance: Could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.
Your Europe (Poland)
The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.
The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.
The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.
2020 – year of transition
In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.
Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.
- Caseload – large
Submitted cases – 130 (139 in 2019)
Received cases – 25 (30 in 2019)
Cases not accepted – 209 (191 in 2019)
- Resolution rate – 88% (90% in 2019)
- Handling time (home centre)
Reply in 7 days: 77% (78% in 2019) – good
Cases prepared in 30 days: 51% (55% in 2019) – very poor
Solutions accepted within 7 days: 61% (57% in 2019) – poor
Cases not accepted within 30 days: 18% (31% in 2019) – very poor
- Handling time (lead centre)
Cases accepted within 7 days: 80% (60% in 2019) – good
Cases closed in 10 weeks: 64% (50% in 2019) – poor
Technical Regulations Information System (Poland)
Public procurement (Poland)
Overall, Poland’s performance in 2020 was average. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.
Postal services (Poland)
For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:
- western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden.
- southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
- eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.
Transit time performance D+1: 59.2% in 2019.
Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.
Trade in goods and services (Poland)
Poland’s trade integration in the single market for goods is above the EU average, whereas its trade integration for services is just below the EU average. In 2019, trade integration for goods decreases and for services increased slightly.
|Intra-EU trade integration||% GDP 2019||32.9||6.9|
|Change 2018 – 2019||-4.3||0.5|
|Intra-EU imports||% GDP 2019||30.4||5.7|
|Change 2018 – 2019||-4.3||-1.1|
Foreign Direct Investment (Poland)
In 2019, Poland's FDI into other EU countries and FDI of other EU countries into Poland decreased substantially. The stock of FDI increased.
|Intra-EU FDI flows||Intra-EU FDI stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 – 19||-0.37||-0.47||0.04||0.07|
In 2019, Poland increased its FDI into non-EU countries following disinvestments in 2018. Non-EU countries almost doubled their FDI into Poland. The inward FDI stock increased substantially while outward stock decreased slightly.
|Extra-EU FDI flows||Extra-EU FDI stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 – 19||0.98||1.06||0.10||-0.01|