Transposition deficit: 1.5% (last report: 0.8%) – marked increase by 0.7 percentage point and in a group of 11 Member States, whose increasing deficit within the last year made them miss the 1% target.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
After years of constant effort to drop below the 1% threshold and to stay there, Belgium is now back above this threshold. In addition, it transposed only 6 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (35%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that Belgium may have some difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of the directives, although with a moderate delay (see below). Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.
Overdue directives: 15 (last report: 8) including 5 on transport and 4 on environment. No directive is more than 2 years overdue.
Average delay: 4.9 months (last report: 7.1 months) – further decrease by 2.2 months and best ever result, well below the EU average.
EU average = 7.4 months
Belgium has 15 outstanding directives of which 11 have been due for less than 6 months.
Conformity deficit: 1.1% (last report: 0.9%) – increase by 0.2 percentage point.
EU average = 1.4%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 11 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, Belgium remains under the EU average deficit.
Single Market-related pending cases: 38(12 new cases, including 5 on transport, and 2 cases closed; last report: 28 pending cases) – sharp increase (by 10 cases) ending the impressive fall (-74%) in the number of cases since November 2010.
EU average = 31 cases
Belgium has the 5th highest percentage increase (+36%) within a year and is now above the EU average of pending cases.
The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 12 such cases, Belgium is above the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. In addition, only 2 Belgian cases have been resolved since December 2019 (when the EU average is 5).
Problematic sectors: transport (13 cases), including 6 on transport safety and 4 on air transport; direct taxation and environment (5 cases each) = 61% of all pending cases.
Average case duration:34.1 months for the 34 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 35.9 months) – new slight decrease by 1.8 months and duration of cases now below the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months
Belgium is in a group of 8 Member States whose case duration decreased within a year. The number of Belgian cases that have been running for a long time (3 cases for between 5 and 7 years; 3 cases for between 9 and 14 years) is offset by the launch of a proportionately high number (12) of new cases (whose average duration is less than 12 months), which have a big impact on the average duration.
Compliance with Court rulings: 30.1 months for the 7 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 29 months).
EU average = 31.7 months
Belgium is in a group of 9 Member States whose average compliance increased within the last year, although to a moderate extent (+1.1 months). One case on direct taxation that needed almost 2 years for compliance is now more than 5 years old and is no longer part of the calculation. Out of the 7 remaining cases, 2 cases were solved more than 4 years after the Court ruling (1 on services and 1 on water management & protection) while only 2 cases were under the 18 months threshold for compliance.
Evolution of infringement cases
Performance – Belgium performed well.
- Belgium’s performance improved on all 5 indicators.
- 3 indicators were above or at the level of EEA average.
- Counterparts’ satisfaction improved significantly for both timeliness and efforts made.
Compliance: Partially compliant
Performance: Could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.
The performance indicators are presented as an average for Belgium’s three regions even if there may be differences between them.
The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.
The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.
The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.
2020 – year of transition
In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.
Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.
- Caseload – large
Submitted cases – 99 (82 in 2019)
Received cases – 95 (104 in 2019)
Cases not accepted – 117(100 in 2019)
- Resolution rate – 91% (90% in 2019)
- Handling time (home centre)
Reply in 7 days: 85% (84% in 2019) – good
Cases prepared in 30 days: 79% (68% in 2019) – good
Solutions accepted within 7 days: 71% (72% in 2019 ) – poor
Cases not accepted within 30 days: 46% (53% in 2019) - very poor
- Handling time (lead centre)
Cases accepted within 7 days: 81%(79%in 2019)– good
Cases closed in 10 weeks: 72% (61% in 2019) – poor
Overall, Belgium’s performance in 2020 was average. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.
For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:
- western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden
- southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
- eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.
Transit time performance D+1: stable performance in recent years, 95.8% in 2019.
Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.
Belgium trade integration in the Single Market for goods and services was above the EU average. In 2019, Belgium’s trade integration in goods decreased, while its trade integration in services increased.
|Intra-EU trade integration||% GDP 2019||41.6||17.4|
|Change 2018 - 2019||-3.5||3.1|
|Intra-EU imports||% GDP 2019||42.2||18.4|
|Change 2018 - 2019||-3.4||2.4|
In 2019, Belgium was disinvesting from the rest of the EU and the rest of the EU was disinvesting from Belgium. The value of stocks of investments nevertheless increased.
|Intra-EUFDI flows||Intra-EUFDI stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 - 19||-1.19||-27.69||0.05||0.14|
In 2019, Belgium's FDI into non-EU countries and non-EU countries' investments into Belgium were considerably lower than year before but positive. The value of stocks of investments increased.
|Extra-EUFDI flows||Extra-EUFDI stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 - 19||-0.83||-0.56||0.01||0.60|