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Single Market Scoreboard

Transposition (Spain)

Transposition deficit: 1.9% (last report: 1.1%) – huge increase by 0.8 percentage point and in a group of 3 Member States with the highest deficit.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

Since December 2016, Spain regularly reduced its number of overdue directives until being very close to the 1% threshold. It now almost doubles this target. In addition, it only transposed 8 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (47%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that Spain may have some difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of directives. Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.

Overdue directives: 20 (last report: 11) including 5 on environment and 4 on taxation. One directive is more than 2 years overdue: Directive 2013/59/EUR on basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.

Average delay: 8.8 months (last report: 16.9 months) – marked decrease by 8.1 months.
EU average = 7.4 months

After having the highest delay in transposing directives 2 years ago, Spain continues to reduce it and is getting closer to the EU average. It managed to transpose 1 of its 2 long overdue directives (due for 2 years or more). However, 3 of its 19 other outstanding directives have been due for over 1 year and 7 have been due for more than 6 months. Spain’s backlog is particularly high. The long delay of the directives due for a long time is balanced with the low delay of the directives with more recent transposition date.

Conformity deficit: 1.3% (last report: 1.1%) – increase by 0.2 percentage point but still below the EU average deficit.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 13 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, Spain in a group of 8 Member States that show a combination of a high transposition deficit and a high percentage of incorrectly transposed directives.

Evolution of transposition deficit

 
 

Evolution of conformity deficit

 

Infringements (Spain)

Single Market-related pending cases:58(7 new cases, including 3 in the environment sector, and 6 cases closed; last report: 57 pending cases) – new slight increase (by 1 case), and number of cases that almost double the EU average.
EU average = 31 cases

Spain is still the Member State with most pending infringement cases. After several years with a lower number of cases, it is back to the situation of May 2014.

The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 7 such cases, Spain is in line with the EU average of new cases launched within a year. In addition, 6 Spanish cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is more than the EU average (5) of such cases.

Problematic sectors: environment (19 cases), including 10 on water protection & management; transport (11), in particular air transport and transport safety (4 cases each); direct taxation (7) = 64% of all pending cases.

Average case duration:46.2 months for the 49 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 39.9 months) – marked increase by 6.3 months and longest average case duration ever for Spain.
EU average = 37.3 months

Spain’s average case duration has steadily increased since December 2015 (+118%). Almost half of the Spanish cases have been ongoing for a long time, with 1 on air transport running for almost 16 years, 1 on atmospheric pollution for around 12 years and 20 other cases running for 3 to 10 years. The other cases have shorter durations.

Compliance with Court rulings:19.1 months for the 6 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 20.5 months).
EU average = 31.7 months

Spain is in a group of 7 Member States whose average compliance decreased within the last year (-1.4 months). This is mainly because 6 cases with an average compliance period of 18.9 months are now more than 5 years old and are no longer part of the calculation, while a new case on waste management with very short compliance period (2.2 months) was closed within the year. Spain's average delay is very close to the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings and much better than the EU average.

Evolution of infringement cases

 

Internal Market Information System (Spain)

Performance – Spain improved on its excellent performance.

  • All 5 indicators remained well above the EEA average, despite high volumes of incoming requests.
  • 4 of 5 indicators improved since the last year and one indicator remained stable.
  • The performance for requests replied to within deadline improved significantly and was the 2nd best in EEA.
Requests accepted within one week (%)
 
Requests answered by the deadline agreed in IMI (%)
 
Satisfaction with timeliness of replies - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Satisfaction with efforts made - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Speed in answering requests (days)
 

EURES (Spain)

National provider: SEPE (Public State Employment Service)

Compliance: Fully compliant

Performance: The submission of both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal is ensured.

Your Europe (Spain)

The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.

The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.

The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.

2020 – year of transition

In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.

Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.

SOLVIT (Spain)

  • Caseloadvery large
    Submitted cases – 133 (150 in 2019)
    Received cases – 196 (126 in 2019)
  • Cases not accepted – 200 (287 in 2019)

  • Resolution rate – 79%(87% in 2019)
  • Handling time (home centre)
    Reply in 7 days: 68% (83% in 2019) – poor
    Cases prepared in 30 days: 88% (81% in 2019) – good
    Solutions accepted within 7 days: 85% (78% in 2019 ) – good
  • Cases not accepted within 30 days:  45% (36% in 2019) - very poor

  • Handling time (lead centre)
    Cases accepted within 7 days:  63% (66%in 2019) poor
    Cases closed in 10 weeks:  63% (53% in 2019) – poor
  • Staffing
    sufficient

Postal services (Spain)

For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:

  • western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden.
  • southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  • eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

Transit time performance D+3: no data on D+1 performance. Under Spanish postal law, quality of service is measured in terms of D+3 delivery.

Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.

Trade in goods and services (Spain)

Spain’s trade integration in the single market for goods and services is below the EU average. In 2019, integration slightly decreased in the case of goods, while for services it experienced a moderate increase.

  GoodsServices
Intra-EU trade integration% GDP 201915.13.7
 Change 2018 – 2019-2.7%2.7%
Intra-EU imports% GDP 201914.23.7*
 Change 2018 – 2019-4%7.6*

* 2018 data and change to 2017

Foreign Direct Investment (Spain)

In 2019, Spain’s FDI into other EU countries decreased substantially, the same happened to EU countries FDI into Spain. The FDI stocks valuation increased.

 Intra-EUFDI flowsIntra-EUFDI stocks
 inwardoutwardinwardoutward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 19-0.74-0.810.060.06

In 2019, Spain's FDI into non-EU countries decreased, while non-EU countries were disinvesting from Spain. The value of inward FDI stock decreased and of outward stock increased.

 Extra-EUFDI flowsExtra-EUFDI stocks
 inwardoutwardinwardoutward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 19-1.22-0.23-0.020.06
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