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Single Market Scoreboard

Cyprus

Transposition (Cyprus)

Transposition deficit: 1.9% (last report: 1%) – marked increase by 0.9 percentage point and in a group of 11 Member States, whose increasing deficit within the last year made them miss the 1% target.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

After achieving the 1% objective in 2019, Cyprus is now back above the threshold and one of the 3 Member States with the highest deficit. In addition, it only transposed 7 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (41%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior to the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that Cyprus may have some difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of the directives, although with a moderate delay (see below). Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.

Overdue directives: 20 (last report: 10) including 5 on transport and 4 on environment. No directive is more than 2 years overdue.

Average delay: 6.7 months (last report: 9.1 months) – decrease by 2.4 months and below the EU average delay.
EU average = 7.4 months

Cyprus’s backlog is high: 10 directives have been due for between 6 and 12 months and 10 directives for less than 6 months.

Conformity deficit: 1.1% (last report: 0.6%) – marked increase by 0.5 percentage point (highest increase within a year) and Croatia’s highest deficit ever.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. Despite consistently good performance on this criterion and a perfect score in December 2017, Cyprus has now 11 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed and is in a group of 8 Member States that show a combination of a high transposition deficit and a high percentage of incorrectly transposed directives. Cyprus’ conformity deficit is however still better than the EU average.

Evolution of transposition deficit

 

Evolution of conformity deficit

 

Infringements (Cyprus)

Single Market-related pending cases:23 (10 new cases, including 5 in the environment sector and 4 on transport and 6 cases closed, including 4 on transport; last report: 19 pending cases) – increase by 4 cases (+21% within a year).
EU average = 31 cases

Cyprus has not had this many cases since November 2007. It still remains among the Member States with the lowest number of infringement cases, well below the EU average.

The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 10 such cases, Cyprus is above the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. On the other hand, 6 Cypriot cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is more than the EU average (5) of such cases.

Problematic sectors: environment and transport (7 cases each) = 61% of all pending cases.

Average case duration: 29 months for the 21 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 27.8 months) – slight increase by 1.2 months, but duration of cases still well below the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months

Cyprus performs constantly well on this indicator, being below the EU average case duration since its accession. The number of cases that have been running for between 5 and 9 years (4) is offset by the number of recent cases whose average duration is less than 12 months (9). In addition, 6 Cypriot cases were resolved within the last year, but this closure has little impact on the final result as the cases’ average duration was quite moderate (16 months).

Compliance with Court rulings: 22.5 months for the only Single Market-related case at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: same).
EU average = 31.7 months

No change since the previous period. With a single case on pension rights that needed 22.5 months for compliance, Cyprus is above the 18-month threshold for compliance with Court rulings but well below the EU average time lag.

Evolution of infringement cases

 

Internal Market Information System (Cyprus)

Performance – Cyprus maintained its excellent performance.

  • All indicators were among the top 5 results in the EEA.
  • Cyprus had the best performance for requests replied to within deadline (99%).
  • The answering speed was excellent, being the second fastest in all countries.
Requests accepted within one week (%)
 
Requests answered by the deadline agreed in IMI (%)
 
Satisfaction with timeliness of replies - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Satisfaction with efforts made - as rated by counterparts (%)
 
Speed in answering requests (days)
 

EURES (Cyprus)

National provider:YEKA/MLSI (Department of Labour)

Compliance: Fully compliant

Performance: could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.

Your Europe (Cyprus)

The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.

The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.

The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.

2020 – year of transition

In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.

Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.

SOLVIT (Cyprus)

  • Caseloadsmall
    Submitted cases – 15 (15 in 2019)
    Received cases – 101 (64 in 2019)
  • Cases not accepted – 13 (16 in 2019)

  • Resolution rate – 95%(93% in 2019)
  • Handling time (home centre)
    Reply in 7 days: 98% (81% in 2019) –  good
    Cases prepared in 30 days: 91% (93% in 2019) –good
    Solutions accepted within 7 days: 81% (86% in 2019) – good
  • Cases not accepted within 30 days: 70%(81% in 2019) – poor

  • Handling time (lead centre)
    Cases accepted within 7 days:  95%(95%in 2019)good
    Cases closed in 10 weeks:  90% (81% in 2019) – good
  • Staffing
    needs improvement

Technical Regulations Information System (Cyprus)

Public procurement (Cyprus)

Overall, Cyprus’ performance in 2020 was unsatisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

Postal services (Cyprus)

For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:

  • western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden
  • southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  • eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

Transit time performance D+1: quality of service is stable, stood at 90.1% in 2019.

Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication.

Trade in goods and services (Cyprus)

Cyprus trade integration in the Single Market for goods is below the EU average, while its trade integration for services is one of the highest in the Union. Trade integration in goods increased and in services decreased in 2019.

  GoodsServices
Intra-EU trade integration% GDP 201915.523.3
 Change 2018 – 20193.9-2.6
Intra-EU imports% GDP 201923.118.3
 Change 2018 – 20190.60.9

Foreign Direct Investment (Cyprus)

In 2019, Cyprus was disinvesting from other EU countries while investments in Cyprus from other EU countries increased almost fourfold. The FDI stock value increased in case of incoming FDI and remained stable in case of Cyprus' FDI abroad.

 Intra-EUFDI flowsIntra-EUFDI stocks
 inwardoutwardinwardoutward
Year-on-year change 2018 – 193.72-1.130.140.00

Both Cyprus' FDI into non-EU countries and FDI of non-EU countries into Cyprus increased substantially in 2019. FDI stock value increased as well.

 Extra-EUFDI flowsExtra-EUFDI stocks
 inwardoutwardinwardoutward
Year-on-year  change 2018 - 191.542.470.030.05
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