Transposition deficit: 1.6% (last report: 0.6%) – huge increase by 1 percentage point, and in a group of 6 Members States that more than doubled their deficit within the year and consequently missed the 1% target.
EU average = 1%; proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
Bulgaria managed to stay under the 1% threshold for 2 years. It is now almost back at its higher score of December 2016 (1.7%) with a 167% increase of its last year deficit. In addition, Bulgaria only transposed 8 of the 17 Single Market-related directives (47%) due to have been transposed in the 6 months prior the cut-off date for calculation (1 June – 30 November 2020). This shows that it may have some difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of the directives. Transposition is an ongoing process and any let-up may result in the deficit quickly increasing.
Overdue directives: 16 (last report: 6) including 5 on environment and none more than 2 years overdue.
Average delay: 6.9 months (last report: 4.6 months) – increase by 2.3 months and in a group of 8 Member States that increased their delay in transposing directives within the year.
EU average = 7.4 months
Bulgaria is no longer the best-performing Member State on this indicator, but its average delay has still stayed under the EU average. Among its 16 outstanding directives, 2 have been due for between 1 and 2 years and 5 for more than 6 months.
Conformity deficit:1.9% (last report: 1.6%) – increase by 0.3 percentage point and Bulgaria’s highest deficit.
EU average = 1.4% proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%
The launching of new infringement proceedings for incorrect transposition of Single Market directives is starting to slow down. Nevertheless, the number of such ongoing cases is still high. With 19 directives presumed to have been incorrectly transposed, Bulgaria is in a group of 8 Member States that show a combination of a high transposition deficit and a high percentage of incorrectly transposed directives.
Single Market-related pending cases: 42(17 new cases, including 6 on transport, and 4 cases closed; last report: 29 pending cases) – new marked increase (by 13 cases), the 3rd highest percentage increase within a year (+45%) and the highest number of cases ever for Bulgaria.
EU average = 31 cases
Bulgaria’s number of cases has been steadily increasing since December 2017 (from 15 to 42 cases, a 180% increase). It is now among the 5 Member States with the highest number of pending cases, well above the EU average.
The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 17 such cases (the highest number among the Member States), Bulgaria more than doubles the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. In addition, 4 Bulgarian cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is less than the EU average (5) of such cases.
Problematic sectors: environment (12 cases), including 4 on particular atmospheric pollution and 3 on waste management; transport (11 cases), in particular sustainable & intelligent transport and transport safety (4 cases each) = 55% of all pending cases.
Average case duration: 21.6 months for the 38 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 25.3 months) – new decrease by 3.7 months (the 2nd highest decrease within a year) and the shortest average case duration.
EU average = 37.3 months
The decrease in the average duration of Bulgarian cases is impressive (-56% since December 2017). Nevertheless, the main reason for this fall is a huge increase in the number of infringement cases. The number of Bulgarian cases that have been pending for a long time (4 cases for between 5 and 10 years) is offset by the launch of a very high number (17) of new cases (whose average duration is less than 12 months), which have a big impact on the average duration.
Compliance with Court rulings: 60.7 months for the only Single Market-related case at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 16.2 months).
EU average = 31.7 months
Bulgaria has now the 3rd longest time lag among the 24 Member States that complied with the Court’s judgments within the last 5 years. It is the Member State whose average compliance increased the most within the last year (+44.5 months). This is because its single case (in December 2019) that was solved 16.2 months after the Court ruling is now more than 5 years old and is no longer part of the calculation. It is replaced by a case on distortion of the market for electronic/ broadcasting services closed within the year that needed 60.7 months for compliance.
Evolution of infringement cases
Performance – Bulgaria’s performance remained poor.
- Similar to the previous year, all 5 indicators were well below the EEA average.
- The percentage of requests accepted within 1 week was particularly low.
- The answering speed and requests replied within deadline improved significantly.
National provider: NEA (Bulgarian National Employment Service)
Compliance: Partially compliant
Performance: Could be improved by transferring both job vacancies and CVs to the EURES Portal.
The EU has set up a single digital gateway providing access to information, to procedures and to assistance and problem-solving services.
The specific regulation setting up the single digital pathway is Regulation 2018/1724 of 2 October 2018. Article 29 of the Regulation establishes establishes a group to coordinate work on the gateway. The gateway coordination group will meet in different configurations, with one devoted to information that meets twice a year. The other two configurations are dedicated to ICT and e-procedures and assistance services.
The information group continues the work of the former Your Europe Editorial Board. This is to ensure that the gateway coordination group’s work does not overlap with that of other expert groups or sub-groups.
2020 – year of transition
In 2020, the Single Digital Gateway Regulation took effect. All member states have made significant efforts to meet the regulation’s requirements related to the Your Europe portal, namely by notifying national websites relating to areas covered in Annex I of the regulation. During 2021, these websites are gradually being made available from Your Europe.
Because 2020 was a year of transition, no evaluation of different countries has been made in this year’s edition of the Single Market Scoreboard. During 2021, the Commission and national coordinators will identify relevant indicators for use in future scoreboards.
- Caseload – large
Submitted cases – 425 (294 in 2019)
Received cases – 21 (26 in 2019)
Cases not accepted – 218 (150 in 2019)
- Resolution rate – 95%(100% in 2019)
- Handling time (home centre)
Reply in 7 days: 98% (93% in 2019) – good
Cases prepared in 30 days: 91% (92% in 2019) – good
Solutions accepted within 7 days:81% (84% in 2019 ) – good
Cases not accepted within 30 days: 70% (63% in 2019) - poor
- Handling time (lead centre)
Cases accepted within 7 days: 95%(81%in 2019)– good
Cases closed in 10 weeks: 90% (81% in 2019) – good
Overall, Bulgaria’s performance in 2020 was unsatisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.
For easier analysis EU countries are divided into 3 groups:
- western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden
- southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
- eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.
Transit time performance D+1: quality of service improved to 56.5% in 2019.
Some countries’ reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from those in the last Scoreboard. This is because these countries updated their data after publication. .
Bulgaria’s trade integration in the single market for goods is well above the EU average, while its trade integration for services is only slightly above the EU average. In 2019, Bulgaria's trade integration in goods decreased, while its trade integration in services increase.
|Intra-EU trade integration||% GDP 2019||31.6||8.3|
|Change 2018 – 2019||-5.0||1.0|
|Intra-EU imports||% GDP 2019||32.1||5.7|
|Change 2018 – 2019||-5.2||-2.9|
In 2019, Bulgaria's investments into other EU countries increase slightly while FDI into Bulgaria from other EU countries decrease slightly although was still positive. The value of stock of FDI increased.
|Intra-EUFDI Flows||Intra-EUFDI Stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 - 19||-0.04||0.02||0.05||0.14|
In 2019 investments of Bulgaria into non-EU countries as well as investments of non-EU countries into Bulgaria increased significantly. The valuation of FDI stock increased as well.
|Extra-EUFDI Flows||Extra-EUFDI Stocks|
|Year-on-year change 2018 - 19||1.76||1.84||0.07||0.15|