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Single Market-related pending cases: 49 (9 new cases, including 4 in the environment sector and 4 on transport, and 4 cases closed; last report: 44 pending cases) – new increase by 5 cases (+48% since December 2018).
EU average = 31 cases

Greece is in the top 3 Member States with the highest number of infringement cases.

The last year has seen the launch of 198 new cases (not including those for late transposition), which were still pending on 1 December 2020. With 9 such cases, Greece is above the EU average of 7 new cases launched within a year. In addition, 4 Greek cases have been resolved since December 2019, which is less than the EU average (5) of such cases.

Problematic sectors: environment (21 cases), in particular waste management (7) and atmospheric pollution (5); transport (8 cases), including 4 on air transport = 59% of all pending cases.

Average case duration: 35.2 months for the 34 Single Market-related cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 32.7 months) – increase by 2.5 months but duration of cases still below the EU average.
EU average = 37.3 months

After an impressive decrease by 39% between December 2016 and December 2019, the average duration of Greek cases rose again (although to a moderate extent). Greece has 6 very old pending cases that push up its average (1 case on air transport is 16 years old and the others have been ongoing for between 6 and 11 years) but this is partly offset by 9 new cases (whose average duration is less of than 12 months).

Compliance with Court rulings: 30.6 months for the 9 Single Market-related cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the last 5 years (last report: 29 months).
EU average = 31.7 months

Greece is in a group of 9 Member States whose average compliance increased within the last year, although to a moderate extent (+1.6 month). One case with a moderate compliance period (14.5 months) is now more than 5 years old and is no longer part of the calculation. Five out of the 9 remaining Greek cases needed less than 2 years for compliance; the other 4 cases have longer time lag, in particular one on health & consumers that needed almost 10 years for compliance and have a big impact on the average time lag. Among the 9 rulings in the last 5 years, 4 concern taxation.

Evolution of infringement cases

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